In traditional dentistry, when a tooth became infected it would need to be extracted. Root canal therapy was introduced to save an infected tooth by removing the infected tissue at the source. Conventionally this was a very painful treatment, however with advancements in dental technology and techniques, our root canal treatment should cause no more discomfort than that of a regular filling!
Each tooth has three main layers; the outside enamel (which is one of the toughest materials found in the body), the middle layer called dentin, and the innermost layer which is referred to as the ‘pulp’. When a tooth is affected by decay and is left untreated, the bacteria can work its way through the enamel and dentin until it reaches the soft pulp, which results in inflammation, pain and ultimately infection.
It is this pulp that is removed during a root canal treatment and if a substantial amount requires removal, our esteemed dentists will place a dental crown over the tooth to further protect it from future infection and to help strengthen its structure.